The Babylonians’ believed their fates were controlled by their gods.

Hammurabi's Code is one of the oldest surviving codes of law in recorded history dating back to 1,750 BC. The Babylonian law code is engraved on a black diorite stele that stands about 7.4 feet tall. This stone stele shows Shamash, the Sun God, investing King Hammurabi with royal power.

The oldest known code of law is the Code of Ur-Nammu dated 2,100 BC. Fragments of Ur-Nammu were recovered from Library of Ashurbanipal in Nineveh. Later copies show it was studied and recopied for fifteen hundred years or more.

The Code consists of 282 laws, broken into 44 columns and 28 paragraphs, it deals with the rights and many privileges of landowners, slave-masters, merchants, and builders. The ruling principle was the lex talionis, better known as an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.